agón: a gathering, contest, struggleOriginal Word: ἀγών, ῶνος, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Phonetic Spelling: (ag-one')
Short Definition: a contest
Definition: an (athletic) contest; hence, a struggle (in the soul).
73 agṓn(a masculine noun, and the root of the English words, "agony," "agonize") – properly, a contest (struggle), a grueling conflict (fight); (figuratively) positive struggle that goes with "fighting the good fight of faith" (1 Tim 6:12) – which literally states, "Struggle (75 /agōnízomai) the good struggle (73 /agṓn) of the (life of) faith."
[73 (agṓn) refers to "an (athletic) contest; hence, a struggle (in the soul)" (Souter).
"In secular Greek 73 (agṓn) refers to a gathering to see the games, or the place of contest (Homer), or the Olympus games themselves, or some smaller contest in particular – the gymnikos, hippikos, and mousikos – and more generally, any struggle or battle" (Nigel Turner, Christian Words, 81).
In the ancient world, athletic contests could be so severe they caused the toughest men to crumble. Indeed, this was common (so Euripedes, Xenophon).]Word Origin
a gathering, contest, struggle
conflict (1), fight (2), opposition (1), race (1), struggle (1).
STRONGS NT 73: ἀγών
ἀγών, ἀγῶνος, ὁ (ἄγω);
1. a place of assembly (Homer, Iliad 7, 298; 18, 376); specifically, the place in which the Greeks assembled to celebrate solemn games (as the Pythian, the Olympian); hence,
2. a contest, of athletes, runners, charioteers. In a figurative sense,
a. in the phrase (used by the Greeks, see τρέχω, b.) τρέχειν τόν ἀγῶνα, Hebrews 12:1, that is to say 'Amid all hindrances let us exert ourselves to the utmost to attain to the goal of perfection set before the followers of Christ'; any struggle with dangers, annoyances, obstacles, standing in the way of faith, holiness, and a desire to spread the gospel: 1 Thessalonians 2:2; Philippians 1:30; 1 Timothy 6:12; 2 Timothy 4:7.
b. intense solicitude, anxiety: περί τίνος, Colossians 2:1 (cf. Euripides, Ph. 1350; Polybius 4, 56, 4). On the ethical use of figures borrowed from the Greek Games cf. Grimm on Wis. 4:1; (Howson, Metaphors of St. Paul, Essay iv.; Conyb. and Hows. Life and Epistles of St. Paul, chapter xx.; McClintock and Strong's Cyclopaedia iii. 733bf; BB. DD. under the word ).<1>
conflict, contention, fight, race.
From ago; properly, a place of assembly (as if led), i.e. (by implication) a contest (held there); figuratively, an effort or anxiety -- conflict, contention, fight, race.
see GREEK ago αγωνα αγώνα ἀγῶνα αγωνι αγώνι ἀγῶνι agona agôna agōna agō̂na agoni agôni agōni agō̂ni
Strong's Greek 73
ἀγῶνα — 5 Occ.
ἀγῶνι — 1 Occ.
Philippians 1:30 N-AMS
BIB: τὸν αὐτὸν ἀγῶνα ἔχοντες οἷον
NAS: the same conflict which
KJV: Having the same conflict which ye saw
INT: the same conflict having such as
Colossians 2:1 N-AMS
BIB: εἰδέναι ἡλίκον ἀγῶνα ἔχω ὑπὲρ
NAS: how great a struggle I have
KJV: knew what great conflict I have for
INT: to know how great conflict I have for
1 Thessalonians 2:2 N-DMS
BIB: ἐν πολλῷ ἀγῶνι
NAS: amid much opposition.
KJV: with much contention.
INT: in much conflict
1 Timothy 6:12 N-AMS
BIB: τὸν καλὸν ἀγῶνα τῆς πίστεως
NAS: the good fight of faith;
KJV: the good fight of faith,
INT: the good fight of the faith
2 Timothy 4:7 N-AMS
BIB: τὸν καλὸν ἀγῶνα ἠγώνισμαι τὸν
NAS: the good fight, I have finished
KJV: a good fight, I have finished
INT: The good fight I have fought the
Hebrews 12:1 N-AMS
BIB: προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα
NAS: with endurance the race that is set before
KJV: patience the race that is set before
INT: lying before us race