chairó: to rejoice, be gladOriginal Word: χαίρω
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (khah'-ee-ro)
Short Definition: I rejoice, am glad
Definition: I rejoice, am glad; also a salutation: Hail.
5463 xaírō (from the root xar-, "favorably disposed, leaning towards" and cognate with 5485 /xáris, "grace") – properly, to delight in God's grace ("rejoice") – literally, to experience God's grace (favor), be conscious (glad) for His grace.
5463 /xaírō ("glad for grace") has a direct "etymological connection with xaris (grace)" (DNTT, 2, 356). S. Zodhiates (Dict, 1467) likewise comments that 5479 /xará ("joy") and 5485 /xáris ("grace") are cognate with 5463 /xaírō ("to rejoice"), i.e. all share the same root and therefore the same core (fundamental) meaning.
[The etymological link between 5463 /xaírō ("rejoice"), 5479 /xará ("joy") and 5485 /xáris ("grace") – i.e. that they are all cognates – is brought out by LS (p 1,976), Zod (Dict), CBL, Wigram's Englishman's Greek Concordance (Ed. Ralph Winters), Word Study Greek-English NT (Tyndale, Ed. Paul McReynolds); see also DNTT (2,356) and TDNT (9; 359,60).
TDNT likewise groups them as cognates, referring to 5479 (xará) as the noun-form (nomen actionis) and discussing them separately in terms of their distinctive connotations.]Word Origin
a prim. verb
to rejoice, be glad
am glad (1), glad (7), gladly (1), greeted* (1), greeting (2), greetings (4), hail (4), joyfully (1), make (1), rejoice (33), rejoiced (8), rejoices (2), rejoicing (10).
STRONGS NT 5463: χαίρω
χαίρω; imperfect ἔχαιρον; future χαρήσομαι (Luke 1:14; John 16:20, 22; Philippians 1:18, for the earlier form καιρήσω, cf. (Winers Grammar, 90 (86); Buttmann, 68 (60)); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii. 322f; Matthiae, § 255, under the word; Kühner, § 343 under the word; Krüger, § 40, under the word; (Veitch, under the word)), once χάρω (Revelation 11:10 Rec., a form occurring nowhere else); 2 aorist (passive as active) ἐχάρην (cf. συγχαίρω, at the beginning); from Homer down; the Sept. for שָׂמַח, גִּיל, שׂוּשׂ; to rejoice, be glad;
a. in the properly, and strict sense: (Mark 14:11); Luke 15:5,(32); ; John 4:36; John 8:56; John 20:20; Acts 5:41; Acts 8:39; Acts 11:23; Acts 13:48; 2 Cor. (); (some refer this to b. in the sense of farewell); Philippians 2:17, 28; Colossians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; 1 Peter 4:13; 3 John 1:3; opposed to κλαίειν, Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 7:30; opposed to κλαίειν καί θρηνεῖν, John 16:20; opposed to λύπην ἔχειν, ibid. ; joined with ἀγαλλίασθαι, Matthew 5:12; Revelation 19:7; with σκιρταν, Luke 6:23; χαίρειν ἐν κυρίῳ (see ἐν, L 6 b, p. 211b middle (cf. Buttmann, 185 (161))), Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:4, 10; χαίρειν χαράν μεγάλην (cf. χαρά, a.), to rejoice exceedingly, Matthew 2:10; also χαρά χαίρειν (Winers Grammar, § 54, 3; Buttmann, § 133, 22), John 3:29: ἡ χαρά ἡ χαίρομεν, 1 Thessalonians 3:9; χαίρειν ἐπί with a dative of the object, Matthew 18:13; Luke 1:14; Luke 13:17; Acts 15:31 Romans 16:19 L T Tr WH; 1 Corinthians 13:6; 1 Corinthians 16:17; 2 Corinthians 7:13; Revelation 11:10 (Xenophon, mem. 2, 6, 35; Cyril 8, 4, 12; Plato, legg. 5, p. 739 d.; cf. Kühner, § 425 Anm. 6; (Winers Grammar, § 33 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 23); in the Greek writings generally with a simple dative of the object as Proverbs 17:19); διά τί, John 3:29; διά τινα, John 11:15; 1 Thessalonians 3:9; ἐν τούτῳ, Philippians 1:18; (ἐν ταῖς παθήμασι μου, Colossians 1:24); with an accusative of the object, τό αὐτό, Philippians 2:18 (ταῦτα, Demosthenes, p. 323, 6; cf. Matthiae, § 414, p. 923; Krüger, § 46, 5, 9); τό ἐφ' ὑμῖν (see ὁ, II. 8, p. 436a), Romans 16:19 R G; ἀπό τίνος, equivalent to χαράν ἔχειν, to derive joy from one, 2 Corinthians 2:3; ἐχάρητε followed by ὅτι, John 14:28; 2 Corinthians 7:9, 16; 2 John 1:4; ἐν τούτῳ, Luke 10:20; with a dative of the cause: τῇ ἐλπίδι χαίροντες, let the hope of future blessedness give you joy, Romans 12:12 (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, § 31, 1 k., 7d.).
b. in a broader sense, to be well, to thrive; in salutations, the imperative χαῖρε, "Hail!" Latinsalve (so from Homer down): Matthew 26:49; Matthew 27:29; Mark 15:18; Luke 1:28; John 19:3; plural χαίρετε (A. V. all hail), Matthew 28:9; at the beginning of letters the infinitive χαίρειν (namely, λέγει or κελευει): Acts 15:23; Acts 23:26; James 1:1 (often in the books of Maccabees; cf. Grimm on 1 Macc. 10:18; Otto in the Jahrbb. f. deutsch. Theol. for 1867, p. 678ff; cf. Hilgenfeld, Galaterbrief, p. 99ff; Xenophon, Cyril 4, 5, 27; Aelian v. h. 1, 25); fully, χαίρειν λέγω, to give one greeting, salute, 2 John 1:10 (11). (Compare: συνχαίρω.) farewell, be glad, God speed, rejoice.
A primary verb; to be "cheer"ful, i.e. Calmly happy or well-off; impersonally, especially as salutation (on meeting or parting), be well -- farewell, be glad, God speed, greeting, hall, joy(- fully), rejoice. έχαιρε εχαιρεν έχαιρεν ἔχαιρεν εχαιρον ἔχαιρον εχαρη εχάρη ἐχάρη εχαρημεν εχάρημεν ἐχάρημεν Εχαρην εχάρην Ἐχάρην εχαρησαν εχάρησαν ἐχάρησαν εχαρητε εχάρητε ἐχάρητε Χαιρε χαίρε Χαῖρε χαιρει χαίρει χαιρειν χαίρειν χαιρετε χαίρετε χαιρέτω χαιρη χαίρη χαίρῃ χαιρομεν χαίρομεν χαιροντες χαίροντες χαιροντων χαιρόντων χαιρουσιν χαίρουσιν χαιρω χαίρω χαιρωμεν χαίρωμεν χαιρων χαίρων χαρείται χαρηναι χαρήναι χαρῆναι χαρησεται χαρήσεται χαρησομαι χαρήσομαι χαρησονται χαρήσονται χαρητε χαρήτε χαρῆτε χάρητε Chaire chairē Chaîre chairei chaírei chaírēi chairein chaírein chairete chaírete chairo chairō chaíro chaírō chairomen chairōmen chaíromen chaírōmen chairon chairōn chaíron chaírōn chairontes chaírontes chaironton chairontōn chairónton chairóntōn chairousin chaírousin charenai charênai charēnai charē̂nai charesetai charēsetai charḗsetai charesomai charēsomai charḗsomai charesontai charēsontai charḗsontai charete charête charēte charē̂te chárete chárēte echairen échairen echairon échairon echare echarē echáre echárē echaremen echarēmen echáremen echárēmen Echaren Echarēn Echáren Echárēn echaresan echarēsan echáresan echárēsan echarete echarēte echárete echárēte
Strong's Greek 5463
Χαῖρε — 5 Occ.
χαίρῃ — 1 Occ.
χαίρει — 3 Occ.
χαίρειν — 7 Occ.
χαίρετε — 11 Occ.
χαίρω — 8 Occ.
χαίρωμεν — 1 Occ.
χαίρων — 4 Occ.
χαίρομεν — 2 Occ.
χαίροντες — 6 Occ.
χαιρόντων — 1 Occ.
χαίρουσιν — 1 Occ.
χαρῆναι — 2 Occ.
χαρήσεται — 2 Occ.
χαρήσομαι — 1 Occ.
χαρήσονται — 1 Occ.
χάρητε — 3 Occ.
ἔχαιρεν — 1 Occ.
ἔχαιρον — 1 Occ.
ἐχάρη — 3 Occ.
ἐχάρημεν — 1 Occ.
Ἐχάρην — 3 Occ.
ἐχάρησαν — 5 Occ.
ἐχάρητε — 1 Occ.
Matthew 2:10 V-AIP-3P
BIB: τὸν ἀστέρα ἐχάρησαν χαρὰν μεγάλην
NAS: the star, they rejoiced exceedingly
KJV: the star, they rejoiced with exceeding
INT: the star they rejoiced [with] joy great
Matthew 5:12 V-PMA-2P
BIB: χαίρετε καὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθε
NAS: Rejoice and be glad, for your reward
KJV: Rejoice, and be exceeding glad:
INT: Rejoice and exult
Matthew 18:13 V-PIA-3S
BIB: ὑμῖν ὅτι χαίρει ἐπ' αὐτῷ
NAS: I say to you, he rejoices over
KJV: I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of
INT: to you that he rejoices over it
Matthew 26:49 V-PMA-2S
BIB: Ἰησοῦ εἶπεν Χαῖρε ῥαββί καὶ
NAS: and said, Hail, Rabbi!
KJV: to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and
INT: to Jesus he said Greetings Rabbi and
Matthew 27:29 V-PMA-2S
BIB: αὐτῷ λέγοντες Χαῖρε βασιλεῦ τῶν
NAS: Him, saying, Hail, King
KJV: him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
INT: him saying Hail king of the
Matthew 28:9 V-PMA-2P
BIB: αὐταῖς λέγων Χαίρετε αἱ δὲ
KJV: them, saying, All hail. And they came
INT: them saying Greetings moreover
Mark 14:11 V-AIP-3P
BIB: δὲ ἀκούσαντες ἐχάρησαν καὶ ἐπηγγείλαντο
NAS: They were glad when they heard
KJV: when they heard [it], they were glad, and
INT: moreover having heard they rejoiced and promised
Mark 15:18 V-PMA-2S
BIB: ἀσπάζεσθαι αὐτόν Χαῖρε βασιλεῦ τῶν
NAS: to acclaim Him, Hail, King
KJV: to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
INT: to salute him Hail King of the
Luke 1:14 V-FIP-3P
BIB: γενέσει αὐτοῦ χαρήσονται
NAS: and many will rejoice at his birth.
KJV: and many shall rejoice at his
INT: birth of him will rejoice
Luke 1:28 V-PMA-2S
BIB: αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε κεχαριτωμένη ὁ
NAS: in, he said to her, Greetings, favored
KJV: and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured,
INT: her said Greetings [you] favored one the
Luke 6:23 V-AMP-2P
BIB: χάρητε ἐν ἐκείνῃ
NAS: Be glad in that day and leap
KJV: Rejoice ye in that
INT: rejoice in that
Luke 10:20 V-PMA-2P
BIB: τούτῳ μὴ χαίρετε ὅτι τὰ
NAS: Nevertheless do not rejoice in this,
KJV: in this rejoice not, that
INT: this not rejoice that the
Luke 10:20 V-PMA-2P
BIB: ὑμῖν ὑποτάσσεται χαίρετε δὲ ὅτι
NAS: are subject to you, but rejoice that your names
KJV: but rather rejoice, because your
INT: to you are subjected rejoice moreover that
Luke 13:17 V-IIA-3S
BIB: ὁ ὄχλος ἔχαιρεν ἐπὶ πᾶσιν
NAS: crowd was rejoicing over
KJV: all the people rejoiced for all
INT: the crowd were rejoicing at all
Luke 15:5 V-PPA-NMS
BIB: ὤμους αὐτοῦ χαίρων
NAS: it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
KJV: his shoulders, rejoicing.
INT: shoulders of him rejoicing
Luke 15:32 V-ANP
BIB: δὲ καὶ χαρῆναι ἔδει ὅτι
NAS: to celebrate and rejoice, for this
KJV: and be glad: for
INT: moreover and rejoice was becoming because
Luke 19:6 V-PPA-NMS
BIB: ὑπεδέξατο αὐτὸν χαίρων
NAS: and came down and received Him gladly.
KJV: received him joyfully.
INT: received him rejoicing
Luke 19:37 V-PPA-NMP
BIB: τῶν μαθητῶν χαίροντες αἰνεῖν τὸν
NAS: God joyfully with a loud
KJV: began to rejoice and praise
INT: of the disciples rejoicing to praise
Luke 22:5 V-AIP-3P
BIB: καὶ ἐχάρησαν καὶ συνέθεντο
NAS: They were glad and agreed to give
KJV: And they were glad, and covenanted
INT: And they rejoiced and agreed
Luke 23:8 V-AIP-3S
BIB: τὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐχάρη λίαν ἦν
NAS: Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus;
KJV: he was exceeding glad: for
INT: Jesus rejoiced greatly he was
John 3:29 V-PIA-3S
BIB: αὐτοῦ χαρᾷ χαίρει διὰ τὴν
NAS: and hears him, rejoices greatly
KJV: heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because
INT: him with joy rejoices because of the
John 4:36 V-PSA-3S
BIB: σπείρων ὁμοῦ χαίρῃ καὶ ὁ
NAS: and he who reaps may rejoice together.
KJV: he that reapeth may rejoice together.
INT: sows together might rejoice and he that
John 8:56 V-AIP-3S
BIB: εἶδεν καὶ ἐχάρη
NAS: My day, and he saw [it] and was glad.
KJV: he saw [it], and was glad.
INT: he saw and rejoiced
John 11:15 V-PIA-1S
BIB: καὶ χαίρω δι' ὑμᾶς
NAS: and I am glad for your sakes
KJV: And I am glad for your sakes
INT: And I rejoice for sake of you
John 14:28 V-AIP-2P
BIB: ἠγαπᾶτέ με ἐχάρητε ἄν ὅτι
NAS: you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because
KJV: me, ye would rejoice, because I said,
INT: you loved me you would have rejoiced anyhow that