petra: a (large mass of) rockOriginal Word: πέτρα, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Phonetic Spelling: (pet'-ra)
Short Definition: rock
Definition: a rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground.
4073 pétra (a feminine noun) – "a mass of connected rock," which is distinct from 4074 (Pétros) which is "a detached stone or boulder" (A-S). 4073 (pétra) is a "solid or native rock, rising up through the earth" (Souter) – a huge mass of rock (a boulder), such as a projecting cliff.
4073 (petra) is "a projecting rock, cliff (feminine noun) . . . 4074 (petros, the masculine form) however is a stone . . . such as a man might throw" (S. Zodhiates, Dict).Word Origin
a prim. word
a (large mass of) rock
rock (10), rocks (3), rocky (2).
STRONGS NT 4073: πέτρα
πέτρα, πέτρας, ἡ, from Homer down; the Sept. for סֶלַע and צוּר; a rock, ledge, cliff;
a. properly: Matthew 7:24; Matthew 27:51, 60; Mark 15:46; Luke 6:48; 1 Corinthians 10:4 (on which see πνευματικός, 3 a.); a projecting rock, crag, Revelation 6:15f, rocky ground, Luke 8:6, 13.
b. a rock, large stone: Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:8 (7).
c. metaphorically, a man like a rock, by reason of his firmness and strength of soul: Matthew 16:18 (some interpretations regard the distinction (generally observed in classic Greek; see the commentaries and cf. Schmidt, Syn., chapter 51, §§ 4-6) between πέτρα, the massive living rock, and πέτρος, a detached but large fragment, as important for the correct understanding of this passage; others explain the different genders here as due first to the personal then to the material reference. Cf. Meyer, Keil, others; Green, Critical Note on John 1:43).<1>
Feminine of the same as Petros; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively) -- rock.
see GREEK Petros πετρα πέτρα πέτρᾳ πετραι πέτραι πετραις πέτραις πετραν πέτραν πετρας πέτρας πετρίνας πετροβόλοις πετρόβολον πετροβόλους πετρών petra pétra petrai pétrai pétrāi petrais pétrais petran pétran petras pétras
Strong's Greek 4073
πέτρᾳ — 4 Occ.
πέτραι — 1 Occ.
πέτραις — 1 Occ.
πέτραν — 5 Occ.
πέτρας — 4 Occ.
Matthew 7:24 N-AFS
BIB: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν
NAS: built his house on the rock.
KJV: house upon a rock:
INT: upon the rock
Matthew 7:25 N-AFS
BIB: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν
NAS: for it had been founded on the rock.
KJV: it was founded upon a rock.
INT: upon the rock
Matthew 16:18 N-DFS
BIB: ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου
NAS: and upon this rock I will build
KJV: upon this rock I will build my
INT: this the rock I will build my
Matthew 27:51 N-NFP
BIB: καὶ αἱ πέτραι ἐσχίσθησαν
NAS: shook and the rocks were split.
KJV: did quake, and the rocks rent;
INT: and the rocks were split
Matthew 27:60 N-DFS
BIB: ἐν τῇ πέτρᾳ καὶ προσκυλίσας
NAS: he had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled
KJV: in the rock: and
INT: in the rock and having rolled
Mark 15:46 N-GFS
BIB: λελατομημένον ἐκ πέτρας καὶ προσεκύλισεν
NAS: hewn out in the rock; and he rolled
KJV: hewn out of a rock, and rolled
INT: cut out of a rock and he rolled
Luke 6:48 N-AFS
BIB: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν πλημμύρης δὲ
NAS: a foundation on the rock; and when a flood
KJV: on a rock: and
INT: on the rock a flood moreover
Luke 8:6 N-AFS
BIB: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν καὶ φυὲν
NAS: [seed] fell on rocky [soil], and as soon as it grew
KJV: upon a rock; and
INT: upon the rock and having sprung up
Luke 8:13 N-GFS
BIB: ἐπὶ τῆς πέτρας οἳ ὅταν
NAS: Those on the rocky [soil are] those who,
KJV: They on the rock [are they], which,
INT: upon the rock those who when
Romans 9:33 N-AFS
BIB: προσκόμματος καὶ πέτραν σκανδάλου καὶ
NAS: OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE,
KJV: and rock of offence:
INT: of stumbling and rock of offense and
1 Corinthians 10:4 N-GFS
BIB: πνευματικῆς ἀκολουθούσης πέτρας ἡ πέτρα
NAS: from a spiritual rock which followed
KJV: that spiritual Rock that followed them:
INT: a spiritual following rock and the rock
1 Corinthians 10:4 N-NFS
BIB: πέτρας ἡ πέτρα δὲ ἦν
NAS: which followed them; and the rock was Christ.
KJV: and that Rock was
INT: rock and the rock moreover was
1 Peter 2:8 N-NFS
BIB: προσκόμματος καὶ πέτρα σκανδάλου οἳ
NAS: OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE;
KJV: and a rock of offence,
INT: of stumbling and a rock of offense who
Revelation 6:15 N-AFP
BIB: εἰς τὰς πέτρας τῶν ὀρέων
NAS: and among the rocks of the mountains;
KJV: and in the rocks of the mountains;
INT: in the rocks of the mountains
Revelation 6:16 N-DFP
BIB: καὶ ταῖς πέτραις πέσετε ἐφ'
NAS: to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall
KJV: to the mountains and rocks, Fall on
INT: and to the rocks Fall on