yesh: being, substance, existence, isOriginal Word: יֵשׁ
Part of Speech: substantive
Phonetic Spelling: (yaysh)
Short Definition: there
of uncertain derivation
being, substance, existence, is
any (1), Gaddi (1), going (1), had (1), has (4), have (17), owned (3), owns (1), sometimes (2), there (70), there are any (1), there is any (1), there any (5), there had been (1), wealth (1), will (1), would (1).
יֵשׁ187 substantive being, substance, existence (on etymology see 2) — יֵשׁ Genesis 18:24 etc.; יֶשֿׁ Genesis 31:29 + often; הֲיֵשׁ Genesis 24:23 18t. (so אִשׁ 2 Samuel 14:19 , הַאִשׁ Micah 6:10 ), with suffix יֶשְׁךָ Genesis 24:42 2t.; יֶשְׁכֶם Genesis 24:49 ; הֲיִשְׁכֶם Deuteronomy 13:4 ; יֶשְׁנוֺ (Ol§ 97 b Sta§ 370 b) Deuteronomy 29:14; 1 Samuel 14:39 (+ 1 Samuel 14:41 ᵐ5 We Dr), 1 Samuel 23:23; Esther 3:8 ; —
1 substance, only Proverbs 8:21 לְהַנְחִיל אֹהֲבַי יֵשׁ to cause them that love me to inherit substance (so Sir 42:3).
2 elsewhere (properly as a substantive in the stative construct), it asserts existence, and so corresponds to the verb substantive, is (are, was, were, will be), literally the being, presence of... (so Biblical Aramaic אִתַי; Aramaic איתא, אית, [whence (self-) existent, essence, substance], with לָא contracted לַיִת, לֵית, ; Mandean עת, עית, לאיית; Arabic [with irregular ] (inflected as a verb, , , etc.; WAG i. § 182, ii. § 42) is not ( is known only in two proverbial sayings, as a secondary form FlKl. Schr. i. 146 f.); Assyrian išû, be, have DlHWB 310; with affix 1 singular la-a i-ša-a-ku, I have not, TPi. 57 f.. On this word, see especially NöM. § 213, who exemplifies its different constructions in Semitic, and shews how it tends to pass into a verb; — (1) in Biblical Aramaic, Syriac, Babylonian ᵑ7, with possessive suffix; (2) in later Palestinian dialects, Jerusalem ᵑ7, Jerusalem Talmud, sometimes also in Babylonian ᵑ7 and Syriac, with independent personal pronoun (as לית אנא, לית הוא); (3) in Mandean, Babylonian Talmud, sometimes in Syriac and Arabic, and in Hebrew יֶשְׁנוֺ, with object. (verbal) suffix; (4) in Arabic, as a true verb. In Ethiopic literally therein, German es gibt, is similar in use (DiGr. § 167, l), though not of course in origin. In Hebrew the corresponding negative is אַיִן, q. v., the construction of which is quite similar) — is, are, was, were, etc., not, however, as a mere copula, but implying existence with emphasis (hence in English to be often represented by the substantive verb in italics):
a. with a predicate following, Genesis 28:16 במקום הזה ׳אכן ישׁ י surely Y. is (emphatic) in this place! Genesis 44:26 אִם יֵשׁ אָחִינוּ אִתְּכֶם; Exodus 17:7 הֲיֵשׁ יהוה בְּקִרְבֵּנוּ אִם אַיִן, Numbers 22:29 לו ישׁ חרב בידי Oh, that there were a sword in my hand! Deuteronomy 13:4 הֲיִשְׁכֶם אֹהֲבִים whether you do love, Deuteronomy 29:17 פן ישׁ בכם אישׁ, Deuteronomy 29:18; 1 Samuel 9:11f. and they said, Is the seer here? and they said יֵשׁ He is, 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 23:23; Jeremiah 27:18. Alone, in answer to a question (asked with יֵשׁ), He (it) is: 1 Samuel 9:12; 2 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 37:17. But Jeremiah 23:26 (where ישׁ has no substantive or suffix) text must be corrupt: compare Gie.
b. absolutely, there is (es. gibt, il y a), Genesis 18:24 אולי ישׁ חמשׁים צדיקים בעיר perhaps there are fifty righteous in the city, Genesis 24:23 הישׁ בית אביך מקום לנו ללון, Genesis 42:1 כי ישׁ שׁבר ׳במצ that there was corn in Egypt, Judges 4:20 הישׁ פה אישׁ, 2 Samuel 9:1; 2 Kings 5:8 he shall know that there is (emphatic) a prophet in Israel, Ruth 3:12 there is a kinsman nearer than I, Psalm 58:12 surely there are gods judging on the earth: so in aphorisms, asserting the existence of a particular character, quality, etc., Proverbs 11:24 ישׁ מפזר ונוסף עוד, Proverbs 12:18; Proverbs 13:7,23; Proverbs 14:12; Proverbs 16:25; Proverbs 18:24; Proverbs 20:15; Ecclesiastes 2:21; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:12; Ecclesiastes 6:1,11; Ecclesiastes 7:15 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 8:14 (3 t. in verse); Ecclesiastes 10:5. In questions, or protestations, יֵשׁ often implies a doubt whether what is asked about is to be found or exists: 1 Kings 18:10; Jeremiah 5:1 and see אם ישׁ אישׁ if there is (emphatic) a man doing justice, etc. (compare Psalm 14:2), Psalm 14:22; Isaiah 44:8 הישׁ אלהים is there a god beside me? Psalm 7:4 אם ישׁ עול בכפי if there is iniquity in my hands! Psalm 73:11 is there knowledge in the Most High? Job 5:1; Job 6:30; Lamentations 1:2.
c. special phrases: — (a) after אִם and a participle, where an abiding intention is to be emphasized, Genesis 24:42 אםיֿשׁךנֿא מצליח דרכי if thou art (really), prospering my way, Genesis 24:49; Genesis 43:4; Judges 6:36 (compare II. אין
2b). (b) יֵשׁ לְ = has (had), especially with pronouns יֵשׁ לִי, יֵשׁ לְךָ; etc., Genesis 33:9 יֶשׁלִֿי רָב I have plenty, Genesis 33:11; Genesis 43:7 הישׁ לכם אח, Genesis 44:20 ישׁ לנו אב זקן, 1 Samuel 17:40 that they may know כי ישׁ אלהים לישׂראל that Israel has (emphatic) a god, 2 Kings 4:2 מַהיֶּֿשׁלָֿכְי what hast thou ? Job 14:7 for a tree has (emphatic) hope (compare Ruth 1:12), Ruth 25:3; Ruth 28:1; Ruth 38:28 ׃הישׁ למטר אב Genesis 39:5 (twice in verse); Genesis 39:8, * F f כל אשׁר יֶשׁלֿו all that had (Genesis 39:4 without אשׁר, probably error). (c) with infinitive and לְ, is it possible to... ? 2 Kings 4:13; הישׁ לדברלֿך can-1speak for thee to the king? 2 Chronicles 25:9; so אִשׁ לְ 2 Samuel 14:19 (compare אֵין לְ, below II. אַיִן
5). (d)... יֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר (if) it was that... Numbers 9:20,21; there were some who... (with participle) Nehemiah 5:2,3,4 (compare Syriac for ὃ μὲν... ὃ δὲ ... Matthew 13:8; PS172). (e) יֶשׁלְֿאֵל יָדִי Genesis 31:29 and elsewhere; see II. אֵל
7, p. 43. (f) 2 Kings 10:15 וָיֵשׁ and (if) it be... (compare וָלֹא 2 Kings 5:17; 2 Samuel 13:26); so Judges 6:13 אִתָּנוּ ׳וְיֵשׁ י. (g) pleonastic אֵין יֵשׁ Psalm 135:17. (h) לֹא יֵשׁ Job 9:33 (compare , : but ᵐ5 ᵑ6 Me and others לֻא). — As a rule, יֵשׁ precedes its substantive (from which, however, like אין, it may be separated: Genesis 24:23; Genesis 43:7 הֲיֵשׁ לָכֶם אָח, Genesis 44:19,20; 1 Samuel 20:8 etc.); but occasionally, for greater emphasis, this is prefixed: 1 Samuel 21:5 כי אם לחם קדשׁ ישׁ but holy bread there is! Isaiah 43:8 the blind people, ועינים ישׁ though it has eyes, Judges 19:19 לחם ויין ישׁ לי (compare אַיִן 2c).
there are, he, it, shall, there, there may, there shall, there should be,
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (hayah); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection) -- (there) are, (he, it, shall, there, there may, there shall, there should) be, thou do, had, hast, (which) hath, (I, shalt, that) have, (he, it, there) is, substance, it (there) was, (there) were, ye will, thou wilt, wouldest.
see HEBREW hayah הֲיִשְׁכֶ֤ם הֲיֵ֛שׁ הֲיֵ֣שׁ הֲיֵ֤שׁ הֲיֵ֥שׁ הֲיֵ֧שׁ הֲיֵ֨שׁ הֲיֵֽשׁ־ הֲיֵשׁ־ היש היש־ הישכם וְיֵ֖שׁ וְיֵ֞שׁ וְיֵ֣שׁ וְיֵ֤שׁ וְיֵ֥שׁ וְיֵ֨שׁ וְיֵשׁ֙ וְיֵשׁ־ וְיֶשׁ־ וָיֵ֖שׁ ויש ויש־ יֵ֑שׁ יֵ֔שׁ יֵ֖שׁ יֵ֚שׁ יֵ֛שׁ יֵ֣שׁ יֵ֤שׁ יֵ֥שׁ יֵ֨שׁ יֵ֪שׁ יֵּ֖שׁ יֵּ֧שׁ יֵֽשׁ־ יֵשׁ֩ יֵשׁ־ יֶּשׁ־ יֶשְׁךָ֛ יֶשְׁךָ֞ יֶשְׁךָ־ יֶשְׁכֶ֨ם יֶשְׁנ֛וֹ יֶשְׁנ֜וֹ יֶשְׁנ֣וֹ יֶשׁ־ יש יש־ ישך ישך־ ישכם ישנו שֶׁיֵּ֥שׁ שיש hă·yêš hă·yêš- hă·yiš·ḵem hăyêš hăyêš- haYesh hayishChem hăyišḵem še·yêš šeyêš sheiYesh vaYesh veyesh wā·yêš wāyêš wə·yêš wə·yeš- wə·yêš- wəyêš wəyeš- wəyêš- yêš yeš- yêš- yeš·ḵā yeš·ḵā- yeš·ḵem yeš·nōw yesh yeshcha yeshChem yeshNo yešḵā yešḵā- yešḵem yešnōw
Strong's Hebrew 3426
hă·yêš — 19 Occ.
hă·yiš·ḵem — 1 Occ.
še·yêš — 1 Occ.
wā·yêš — 1 Occ.
wə·yeš- — 18 Occ.
yêš — 90 Occ.
yeš·ḵā- — 3 Occ.
yeš·ḵem — 1 Occ.
yeš·nōw — 4 Occ.
BIB: אוּלַ֥י יֵ֛שׁ חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים צַדִּיקִ֖ם
NAS: Suppose there are fifty righteous
KJV: Peradventure there be fifty righteous
INT: Suppose there are fifty righteous
BIB: לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־ יֵ֣שׁ אֶֽת־ נַפְשְׁכֶ֗ם
KJV: with them, saying, If it be your mind
INT: saying If be is your wish bury
BIB: נָ֖א לִ֑י הֲיֵ֧שׁ בֵּית־ אָבִ֛יךְ
NAS: tell me, is there room
KJV: tell me, I pray thee: is there room
INT: tell Please is there house your father's
BIB: אַבְרָהָ֔ם אִם־ יֶשְׁךָ־ נָּא֙ מַצְלִ֣יחַ
KJV: Abraham, if now thou do prosper
INT: Abraham if do now successful
BIB: וְ֠עַתָּה אִם־ יֶשְׁכֶ֨ם עֹשִׂ֜ים חֶ֧סֶד
NAS: if you are going to deal
KJV: And now if ye will deal kindly
INT: now if are going to deal kindly
BIB: וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָכֵן֙ יֵ֣שׁ יְהוָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם
KJV: the LORD is in this place;
INT: and said Surely is the LORD place
BIB: יֶשׁ־ לְאֵ֣ל יָדִ֔י
KJV: It is in the power of my hand
INT: is the power my power
BIB: וַיֹּ֥אמֶר עֵשָׂ֖ו יֶשׁ־ לִ֣י רָ֑ב
NAS: said, I have plenty,
KJV: said, I have enough,
INT: said Esau have plenty my brother
BIB: אֱלֹהִ֖ים וְכִ֣י יֶשׁ־ לִי־ כֹ֑ל
NAS: with me and because I have plenty.
KJV: and because I have enough.
INT: God and because have plenty urged
BIB: בֵּית֔וֹ וְכָל־ יֶשׁ־ ל֖וֹ נָתַ֥ן
NAS: and all that he owned he put
KJV: over his house, and all [that] he had he put
INT: his house and all owned put his charge
BIB: כָּל־ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֶשׁ־ ל֔וֹ וַיְבָ֧רֶךְ
NAS: all that he owned, the LORD
KJV: in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD
INT: all he owned blessed the LORD
BIB: בְּכָל־ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֶשׁ־ ל֔וֹ בַּבַּ֖יִת
NAS: was upon all that he owned, in the house
KJV: of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house,
INT: all he owned the house the field
BIB: וְכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־ יֶשׁ־ ל֖וֹ נָתַ֥ן
NAS: all that he owns in my charge.
KJV: and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand;
INT: all he owns has put my charge
BIB: יַעֲקֹ֔ב כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־ שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם
NAS: saw that there was grain
KJV: saw that there was corn
INT: now Jacob that there was grain Egypt
BIB: שָׁמַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־ שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם
NAS: I have heard that there is grain
KJV: Behold, I have heard that there is corn
INT: have heard that there is grain Egypt
BIB: אִם־ יֶשְׁךָ֛ מְשַׁלֵּ֥חַ אֶת־
KJV: If thou wilt send our brother
INT: If wilt send our brother
BIB: אֲבִיכֶ֥ם חַי֙ הֲיֵ֣שׁ לָכֶ֣ם אָ֔ח
NAS: alive? Have you [another] brother?'
KJV: yet alive? have ye [another] brother?
INT: is your father age there are your brother bewray
BIB: עֲבָדָ֖יו לֵאמֹ֑ר הֲיֵשׁ־ לָכֶ֥ם אָ֖ב
NAS: saying, 'Have you a father
KJV: saying, Have ye a father,
INT: his servants saying Have A father or
BIB: אֶל־ אֲדֹנִ֔י יֶשׁ־ לָ֙נוּ֙ אָ֣ב
NAS: to my lord, 'We have an old
KJV: unto my lord, We have a father,
INT: to my lord have father an old
BIB: לָרֶ֑דֶת אִם־ יֵשׁ֩ אָחִ֨ינוּ הַקָּטֹ֤ן
KJV: brother be with us, then will we go down:
INT: go If be brother our youngest
BIB: וְאִם־ יָדַ֗עְתָּ וְיֶשׁ־ בָּם֙ אַנְשֵׁי־
NAS: and if you know any capable men
INT: and if know any men capable
BIB: יְהוָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הֲיֵ֧שׁ יְהוָ֛ה בְּקִרְבֵּ֖נוּ
KJV: the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among
INT: the LORD saying Is is the LORD among
BIB: וְיֵ֞שׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִהְיֶ֧ה
NAS: If sometimes the cloud remained
KJV: And [so] it was, when the cloud
INT: sometimes after remained
BIB: וְיֵ֞שׁ אֲשֶׁר־ יִהְיֶ֤ה
NAS: If sometimes the cloud remained
KJV: And [so] it was, when the cloud
INT: sometimes after remained
BIB: אִם־ רָזָ֗ה הֲיֵֽשׁ־ בָּ֥הּ עֵץ֙
NAS: or lean? Are there trees in it or
KJV: or lean, whether there be wood
INT: or lean be trees or