chakam: wiseOriginal Word: חָכָם
Part of Speech: Adjective
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-kawm')
Short Definition: wise
expert (1), men who are skillful (1), sage (1), shrewd (2), skilled (2), skilled men (3), skilled men and with those (1), skilled* (1), skillful (1), skillful man* (1), skillful men (1), skillful men* (1), skillful persons* (1), skillful* (3), unwise* (1), wailing women (1), who (1), who are wise (1), wise (64), wise man (21), wise man's (2), wise men (22), wise son (1), wisehearted (1), wiser (2), wisest (1).
חָכָם adjective wise, ׳ח Deuteronomy 4:6 67t.; construct חֲכַם Isaiah 3:3 9t.; plural חֲכָמִים Deuteronomy 1:13 39t.; construct חַכְמֵי Exodus 28:3 4t.; suffix חֲכָמֶיךָ Isaiah 19:12 etc. + 8 t.; feminine חֲכָמָה 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 20:16; construct חַכְמַת Exodus 35:25; plural חֲכָמוֺת Jeremiah 9:16; construct חַכְמוֺת Judges 5:29; Proverbs 14:1(but read חָכְמוֺת De) —
1 skilful in technical work; artificers Isaiah 3:3; sailors Ezekiel 27:8, so (probably) Ezekiel 27:9; mourning women Jeremiah 9:16; artisans of tabernacle and temple and their furniture Exodus 28:3; Exodus 31:6; Exodus 35:10; Exodus 36:1,2,4,8 (P), 1 Chronicles 22:15; 2Chron 2:6; 2 Chronicles 2:12; 2 Chronicles 2:13 (twice in verse); women in spinning Exodus 35:25 (P); goldsmiths and other artisans Jeremiah 10:9; makers of idol-images Isaiah 40:20.
2 wise in the administration of affairs: Joseph in Egypt Genesis 41:33,39 (E); heads of tribes Deuteronomy 1:13,15; Judges 16:19; David 2 Samuel 14:20, of Solomon 1 Kings 2:9; 1 Kings 3:12; 1 Kings 5:21 2Chron 2:11; the prince of Tyre, in satire Ezekiel 28:3; of kings in General Proverbs 20:26; class of political advisers of Judah Isaiah 29:14; Jeremiah 18:18, apparently also Isaiah 5:21; of Egypt Isaiah 19:11 (twice in verse); Isaiah 19:12, Edom Obadiah 8, the nations Jeremiah 10:7; so of God Isaiah 31:2.
3 shrewd, crafty, cunning: Jonadab 2 Samuel 13:3; the princesses Judges 5:29; אשׁה חכמה wise woman 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Samuel 20:16; Generally, Jeremiah 9:22; intelligent animals Proverbs 30:24; בערמם ׳לכד ח taking the cunning in their craft Job 5:13; חכם בעיני wise in one's own eyes Proverbs 3:7; Proverbs 26:5,12,16; Proverbs 28:11; חכמי לב wise of mind (in their own mind) Job 37:24.
4 plural class of learned and shrewd men, including astrologers, magicians and the like, of Egypt Genesis 41:8 (E), Exodus 7:11 (P; compare Isaiah 19:11 (twice in verse); Isaiah 19:12); Babylon Isaiah 44:25; Jeremiah 50:35; Jeremiah 51:57; Persia Esther 1:13; Esther 6:13.
5 prudent, towards king Proverbs 16:14; in controversies Proverbs 11:29; Proverbs 29:8,9,11; religious affairs Hosea 13:13; Hosea 14:10; Jeremiah 4:22; Jeremiah 8:8,9; Deuteronomy 4:6; Deuteronomy 32:6; Psalm 107:43; אישׁ ׳ח Jeremiah 9:11.
6 wise, ethically and religiously,. in Wisdom Literature:
a. as adjective, חֲכַם לֵב wise of mind Proverbs 10:8; Proverbs 16:21; לֵב חָכָם Ecclesiastes 8:5; of the son Proverbs 10:1 = Proverbs 15:20; Proverbs 13:1; Proverbs 23:24; Ecclesiastes 2:19; ׳ילד ח Ecclesiastes 4:13 wise boy; ׳גבר ח Job 34:34 wise man; ׳מוכיח ח wise reprover Proverbs 25:12.
b. = substantive: (1) as a wise learner in school of wisdom, he fears God and departs from evil Proverbs 14:16; is silent Proverbs 17:28; hearkens to counsel Proverbs 12:15; hears and increases in learning Proverbs 1:5; his ear seeketh knowledge Proverbs 18:15; he receives it Proverbs 21:11; and stores it up Proverbs 10:14; his ears hearken to the reproof which giveth life Proverbs 15:31; and he becomes wiser through it Proverbs 9:8,9. (2) as a wise teacher, a sage, he does not answer with windy knowledge Job 15:2; he tells the experience of the past Job 15:48; has knowledge Job 34:2; teaches it Ecclesiastes 12:9; disperses it Proverbs 15:7; his tongue is health Proverbs 12:18; it utters knowledge aright Proverbs 15:2; his mind instructs his mouth and adds learning to his lips Proverbs 16:23; his words are gracious Ecclesiastes 10:12; it is good to hear his rebuke Ecclesiastes 7:5; his instruction is a fountain of life Proverbs 13:14; one walking with him becomes wiser Proverbs 13:20. The חכמים recall the Greek σόφοι, having their schools, pupils (בֵן), discipline (מוּסָר), principles and collections of wisdom, דברי חכמים Proverbs 1:6; Proverbs 22:17 (compare Proverbs 24:23), Ecclesiastes 9:17; Ecclesiastes 12:11; God himself is חכם לבב Job 9:4. (3) the wise are prosperous: true, in sceptical view of Ecclesiastes, they have no advantage over the fool Ecclesiastes 6:8; but die as the fool Ecclesiastes 2:16 (twice in verse); Psalm 49:11; they will not be able to find the works of God Ecclesiastes 8:17; like others are in the hands of God Ecclesiastes 9:1; they do not secure bread Ecclesiastes 9:11; but elsewhere reverse is true: precious treasure is in his dwelling Proverbs 21:20; his lips preserve him Proverbs 14:3; they inherit glory Proverbs 3:35; wealth is their crown Proverbs 14:24; the wise man is strong Proverbs 24:5; Ecclesiastes 7:19; his eyes are in his head Ecclesiastes 2:14; his mind is at his right hand Ecclesiastes 10:2; he interprets things Ecclesiastes 8:1 (4) the wise man is a blessing to others: he wins men Proverbs 11:30; scales the city of the mighty Proverbs 21:22; though poor he delivers the city Ecclesiastes 9:15; is a reproof to scorners Proverbs 15:12; his mind is in the house of mourning Ecclesiastes 7:4; injustice makes him foolish Ecclesiastes 7:7; Job finds no wise men among his cruel friends Job 17:10.
cunning man, subtil, wisehearted,
From chakam; wise, (i.e. Intelligent, skilful or artful) -- cunning (man), subtil, ((un-)), wise((hearted), man).
see HEBREW chakam הֶֽחָכָ֗ם הֶֽחָכָ֤ם הֶֽחָכָם֙ הֶחָכָ֖ם הַ֣חֲכָמִ֔ים הַֽחֲכָמִ֗ים הַחֲכָמ֥וֹת החכם החכמות החכמים וְ֝חָכָ֗ם וְֽחַכְמֵ֔י וְהַחֲכָמִ֛ים וְחָכָ֑ם וְחָכָ֖ם וַ֝חֲכָמִ֗ים וַחֲכַ֥ם וַחֲכָמֶ֙יהָ֙ וַחֲכָמֶ֜יהָ והחכמים וחכם וחכמי וחכמיה וחכמים חֲ֝כָמִ֗ים חֲ֭כָמִים חֲכַ֣ם חֲכַם־ חֲכָ֘מִ֤ים חֲכָמִ֑ים חֲכָמִ֔ים חֲכָמִ֖ים חֲכָמִ֛ים חֲכָמִ֣ים חֲכָמִ֥ים חֲכָמִ֧ים חֲכָמִים֙ חֲכָמֶ֑יהָ חֲכָמֶ֔יךָ חֲכָמֶֽיהָ׃ חֲכָמַ֤יִךְ חֲכָמָ֑ה חֲכָמָ֔יו חֲכָמָ֖ה חֲכָמָ֜יו חַכְמ֥וֹת חַכְמֵ֧י חַכְמֵי֙ חַכְמֵי־ חַכְמַת־ חָ֝כָ֗ם חָ֭כָם חָכָ֑ם חָכָ֔ם חָכָ֖ם חָכָ֗ם חָכָ֛ם חָכָ֡ם חָכָ֣ם חָכָ֥ם חָכָֽם׃ חָכָם֙ חכם חכם־ חכם׃ חכמה חכמות חכמי חכמי־ חכמיה חכמיה׃ חכמיו חכמיך חכמים חכמת־ כְּהֶ֣חָכָ֔ם כהחכם לְ֝חָכָ֗ם לְ֭חָכָם לֶחָכָ֑ם לֶחָכָ֖ם לֶחָכָ֛ם לַֽחֲכָמִ֑ים לַֽחֲכָמִ֖ים לַחֲכַם־ לַחֲכָמִ֖ים לַחֲכָמִ֥ים לחכם לחכם־ לחכמים מֵֽחָכָ֔ם מחכם chacham chachaMah chachaMav chachaMayich chachaMeicha chachaMeiha chachaMim chachmat chachmei chachMot Chachom ha·ḥă·ḵā·mîm ha·ḥă·ḵā·mō·wṯ ḥă·ḵā·ma·yiḵ ḥă·ḵā·māh ḥă·ḵā·māw ḥă·ḵā·me·hā ḥă·ḵā·me·ḵā ḥă·ḵā·mîm ḥă·ḵam ḥā·ḵām ḥă·ḵam- hachachaMim hachachaMot haḥăḵāmîm haḥăḵāmōwṯ ḥaḵ·maṯ- ḥaḵ·mê ḥaḵ·mê- ḥaḵ·mō·wṯ ḥăḵam ḥāḵām ḥăḵam- ḥăḵāmāh ḥăḵāmāw ḥăḵāmayiḵ ḥăḵāmehā ḥăḵāmeḵā ḥăḵāmîm ḥaḵmaṯ- ḥaḵmê ḥaḵmê- ḥaḵmōwṯ he·ḥā·ḵām hechaCham heḥāḵām kə·he·ḥā·ḵām keHechaCham kəheḥāḵām la·ḥă·ḵā·mîm la·ḥă·ḵam- lachacham lachachaMim laḥăḵam- laḥăḵāmîm le·ḥā·ḵām lə·ḥā·ḵām lechaCham Lechachom leḥāḵām ləḥāḵām mê·ḥā·ḵām mechaCham mêḥāḵām vachaCham vachachaMeiha vachachaMim vechaCham vechachMei vehachachaMim wa·ḥă·ḵā·me·hā wa·ḥă·ḵā·mîm wa·ḥă·ḵam waḥăḵam waḥăḵāmehā waḥăḵāmîm wə·ha·ḥă·ḵā·mîm wə·ḥā·ḵām wə·ḥaḵ·mê wəhaḥăḵāmîm wəḥāḵām wəḥaḵmê
Strong's Hebrew 2450
ḥă·ḵam- — 51 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·māh — 2 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·māw — 2 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·ma·yiḵ — 1 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·me·ḵā — 2 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·me·hā — 2 Occ.
ḥă·ḵā·mîm — 32 Occ.
ḥaḵ·maṯ- — 1 Occ.
ḥaḵ·mê- — 4 Occ.
ḥaḵ·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
ḥā·ḵām — 6 Occ.
ha·ḥă·ḵā·mîm — 2 Occ.
ha·ḥă·ḵā·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
he·ḥā·ḵām — 6 Occ.
kə·he·ḥā·ḵām — 1 Occ.
la·ḥă·ḵam- — 2 Occ.
la·ḥă·ḵā·mîm — 4 Occ.
lə·ḥā·ḵām — 5 Occ.
lə·ḥā·ḵām — 1 Occ.
mê·ḥā·ḵām — 1 Occ.
wa·ḥă·ḵam — 1 Occ.
wa·ḥă·ḵā·me·hā — 2 Occ.
wa·ḥă·ḵā·mîm — 1 Occ.
wə·ḥā·ḵām — 4 Occ.
wə·ḥaḵ·mê — 1 Occ.
wə·ha·ḥă·ḵā·mîm — 1 Occ.
BIB: וְאֶת־ כָּל־ חֲכָמֶ֑יהָ וַיְסַפֵּ֨ר פַּרְעֹ֤ה
NAS: and all its wise men. And Pharaoh
KJV: of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh
INT: of Egypt and all wise told and Pharaoh
BIB: אִ֖ישׁ נָב֣וֹן וְחָכָ֑ם וִישִׁיתֵ֖הוּ עַל־
NAS: discerning and wise, and set
KJV: discreet and wise, and set
INT: A man discerning and wise and set over
BIB: אֵין־ נָב֥וֹן וְחָכָ֖ם כָּמֽוֹךָ׃
NAS: so discerning and wise as you are.
KJV: thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]:
INT: there discerning and wise according to
BIB: גַּם־ פַּרְעֹ֔ה לַֽחֲכָמִ֖ים וְלַֽמְכַשְּׁפִ֑ים וַיַּֽעֲשׂ֨וּ
NAS: called for [the] wise men and [the] sorcerers,
KJV: also called the wise men and the sorcerers:
INT: also Pharaoh for wise and sorcerers did
BIB: אֶל־ כָּל־ חַכְמֵי־ לֵ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֥ר
NAS: to all the skillful persons
KJV: And thou shalt speak unto all [that are] wise hearted,
INT: to all wise hearted whom
BIB: וּבְלֵ֥ב כָּל־ חֲכַם־ לֵ֖ב נָתַ֣תִּי
NAS: of all who are skillful I have put
KJV: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted
INT: the hearts of all who the hearts have put
BIB: וְכָל־ חֲכַם־ לֵ֖ב בָּכֶ֑ם
NAS: Let every skillful man among you come,
KJV: And every wise hearted
INT: every wise hearted come
BIB: וְכָל־ אִשָּׁ֥ה חַכְמַת־ לֵ֖ב בְּיָדֶ֣יהָ
NAS: All the skilled women spun
KJV: And all the women that were wise hearted
INT: All women were wise hearted their hands
BIB: וְכֹ֣ל ׀ אִ֣ישׁ חֲכַם־ לֵ֗ב אֲשֶׁר֩
NAS: and every skillful person
KJV: and Aholiab, and every wise hearted
INT: and every person wise hearted whom
BIB: כָּל־ אִ֣ישׁ חֲכַם־ לֵ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֨ר
NAS: and every skillful person
KJV: and Aholiab, and every wise hearted
INT: every person wise heart whom
BIB: וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ כָּל־ הַ֣חֲכָמִ֔ים הָעֹשִׂ֕ים אֵ֖ת
NAS: And all the skillful men who were performing
KJV: And all the wise men, that wrought
INT: came and all the skillful were performing all
BIB: וַיַּעֲשׂ֨וּ כָל־ חֲכַם־ לֵ֜ב בְּעֹשֵׂ֧י
NAS: All the skillful men
KJV: And every wise hearted man
INT: were performing All wise man made
BIB: לָ֠כֶם אֲנָשִׁ֨ים חֲכָמִ֧ים וּנְבֹנִ֛ים וִידֻעִ֖ים
NAS: Choose wise and discerning
KJV: Take you wise men, and understanding,
INT: Choose men wise and discerning and experienced
BIB: שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֗ם אֲנָשִׁ֤ים חֲכָמִים֙ וִֽידֻעִ֔ים וָאֶתֵּ֥ן
NAS: of your tribes, wise and experienced
KJV: of your tribes, wise men,
INT: of your tribes men wise and experienced and appointed
BIB: רַ֚ק עַם־ חָכָ֣ם וְנָב֔וֹן הַגּ֥וֹי
NAS: nation is a wise and understanding
KJV: nation [is] a wise and understanding
INT: but of the peoples wise and understanding nation
BIB: יְעַוֵּר֙ עֵינֵ֣י חֲכָמִ֔ים וִֽיסַלֵּ֖ף דִּבְרֵ֥י
NAS: the eyes of the wise and perverts
KJV: the eyes of the wise, and pervert
INT: blinds the eyes of the wise and perverts the words
BIB: נָבָ֖ל וְלֹ֣א חָכָ֑ם הֲלוֹא־ הוּא֙
KJV: people and unwise? [is] not he thy father
INT: foolish not cunning not he
BIB: חַכְמ֥וֹת שָׂרוֹתֶ֖יהָ תַּעֲנֶ֑ינָּה
NAS: Her wise princesses would answer
KJV: Her wise ladies answered
INT: her wise princesses answer
2 Samuel 13:3
BIB: וְי֣וֹנָדָ֔ב אִ֥ישׁ חָכָ֖ם מְאֹֽד׃
NAS: and Jonadab was a very shrewd man.
KJV: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man.
INT: and Jonadab man shrewd was a very
2 Samuel 14:2
BIB: מִשָּׁ֖ם אִשָּׁ֣ה חֲכָמָ֑ה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵ֠לֶיהָ
NAS: and brought a wise woman
KJV: and fetched thence a wise woman,
INT: there woman A wise and said about
2 Samuel 14:20
BIB: הַזֶּ֑ה וַאדֹנִ֣י חָכָ֗ם כְּחָכְמַת֙ מַלְאַ֣ךְ
NAS: But my lord is wise, like the wisdom
KJV: and my lord [is] wise, according to the wisdom
INT: this my lord is wise the wisdom of the angel
2 Samuel 20:16
BIB: וַתִּקְרָ֛א אִשָּׁ֥ה חֲכָמָ֖ה מִן־ הָעִ֑יר
NAS: Then a wise woman called
KJV: Then cried a wise woman
INT: called woman A wise from the city
1 Kings 2:9
BIB: כִּ֛י אִ֥ישׁ חָכָ֖ם אָ֑תָּה וְיָֽדַעְתָּ֙
NAS: therefore, do not let him go unpunished, for you are a wise man;
KJV: Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou [art] a wise man,
INT: for man wise and you will know
1 Kings 3:12
BIB: לְךָ֗ לֵ֚ב חָכָ֣ם וְנָב֔וֹן אֲשֶׁ֤ר
NAS: I have given you a wise and discerning
KJV: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding
INT: have given heart A wise and discerning so
1 Kings 5:7
BIB: לְדָוִד֙ בֵּ֣ן חָכָ֔ם עַל־ הָעָ֥ם
NAS: has given to David a wise son over
KJV: unto David a wise son
INT: to David son A wise over people