chrisma: an anointing, unctionOriginal Word: χρίσμα, ατος, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Phonetic Spelling: (khris'-mah)
Short Definition: an anointing
Definition: an anointing.
Cognate: 5545 xrísma (from 5548 /xríō, "anoint with oil") – anointing, referring to the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit, guiding the receptive believer into fullness of God's preferred-will (see 2307 /thélēma). See 5548 (xrio).
[This anointing functions through faith (4102 /pístis), i.e. God inwardly persuading the believer of His preferences (cf. also Hab 2:1-4; 1 Jn 5:4).]Word Origin
an anointing, unction
STRONGS NT 5545: χρῖσμα
χρῖσμα (so R G L, small edition, WH) and χρῖσμα (Lachmann's major edition; T Tr; on the accent see Winers Grammar, § 6, 1e.; Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 35; (Tdf. Proleg., p. 102)), χρίσματος, τό (χρίω, which see), anything smeared on, unguent, ointment, usually prepared by the Hebrews from oil and aromatic herbs. Anointing was the inaugural ceremony for priests (Exodus 28:37; Exodus 40:13 (15); Leviticus 6:22; Numbers 35:25), kings (1 Samuel 9:16; 1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Samuel 15:1; 1 Samuel 16:3, 13), and sometimes also prophets (1 Kings 19:16 cf. Isaiah 61:1), and by it they were regarded as endued with the Holy Spirit and divine gifts (1 Samuel 16:13; Isaiah 61:1; Josephus, Antiquities 6, 8, 2 πρός τόν Δαυιδην — when anointed by Samuel — μεταβαινει τό θεῖον καταλιπον Σαουλον. καί ὁ μέν προφητεύειν ἤρξατο, τοῦ θείου πνεύματος εἰς αὐτόν μετοικισαμενου); (see BB. DD., see under the words, Ointment, Anointing). Hence, in 1 John 2:20 (where ἀπό τοῦ ἁγίου is so used as to imply that this χρῖσμα renders them ἁγίους (cf. Westcott at the passage)) and 27, τό χρῖσμα is used of the gift of the Holy Spirit, as the efficient aid in getting a knowledge of the truth; see χιω. (Xenophon, Theophrastus, Diodorus, Philo, others; for מִשְׁחָה, Exodus 29:7; Exodus 30:25; Exodus 35:14; Exodus 40:7 (9).)<1>
From chrio; an unguent or smearing, i.e. (figuratively) the special endowment ("chrism") of the Holy Spirit -- anointing, unction.
see GREEK chrio χρισμα χρίσμα χρῖσμα χρίσματος chrisma chrísma
Strong's Greek 5545
χρίσμα — 3 Occ.
1 John 2:20 N-ANS
BIB: καὶ ὑμεῖς χρίσμα ἔχετε ἀπὸ
NAS: But you have an anointing from the Holy One,
KJV: ye have an unction from the Holy One,
INT: And you [the] anointing have from
1 John 2:27 N-NNS
BIB: ὑμεῖς τὸ χρίσμα ὃ ἐλάβετε
NAS: As for you, the anointing which
KJV: But the anointing which ye
INT: you the anointing which you received
1 John 2:27 N-NNS
BIB: τὸ αὐτοῦ χρίσμα διδάσκει ὑμᾶς
NAS: to teach you; but as His anointing teaches
KJV: as the same anointing teacheth you
INT: the same anointing teaches you