makrothumeó: to persevere, to be patientOriginal Word: μακροθυμέω
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (mak-roth-oo-meh'-o)
Short Definition: I suffer long, have patience, am forbearing
Definition: I suffer long, have patience, am forbearing, perseverance.
Cognate: 3114 makrothyméō – properly, long-tempered (to defer anger), refusing to retaliate with anger, because of human reasoning.
[The literal sense if the term is "extending a long time (way)."]
3114 /makrothyméō ("showing divinely-directed patience") is "longsuffering" because it only expresses anger as the Lord directs (i.e. is the opposite of being "quick-tempered"). See 3115 (makrothymia).Word Origin
from makros and thumos
to persevere, to be patient
delay long (1), have patience (2), patient (6), patiently waited (1).
STRONGS NT 3114: μακροθυμέω
μακροθυμέω, μακροθύμω; 1 aorist, imperative μακροθύμησον, participle μακροθυμήσας; (from μακρόθυμος, and this from μακρός and θυμός); to be of a long spirit, not to lose heart; hence,
1. to persevere patiently and bravely (equivalent to καρτέρω, so Plutarch, de gen. Socrates c. 21, p. 593 f.; Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 4, 11) in enduring misfortunes and troubles: absolutely, Hebrews 6:15; James 5:8; with the addition of ἕως and a genitive of the desired event, James 5:7; with ἐπί and a dative of the thing hoped for, ibid.; add, Sir. 2:4.
2. "to be patient in bearing the offences and injuries of others; to be mild and slow in avenging; to be long-suffering, slow to anger, slow to punish" (for אַף הֶאֱרִיך, to defer anger, Proverbs 19:11): absolutely, 1 Corinthians 13:4; πρός τινα, 1 Thessalonians 5:14; ἐπί with the dative of person (see ἐπί, B. 2 a. δ.), Matthew 18:26, 29 (here L Tr with the accusative, so Tr in 26; see ἐπί, C. I. 2 g. β'.); Sir. 18:11 Sir. 29:8; hence, spoken of God deferring the punishment of sin: εἰς τινα, toward one, 2 Peter 3:9 (here L T Tr marginal reading διά (which see B. II. 2 b. under the end)); ἐπί with the dative of person, Luke 18:7; in this difficult passage we shall neither preserve the constant usage of μακροθύμειν (see just before) nor get a reasonable sense, unless we regard the words ἐπ' αὐτοῖς as negligently (see αὐτός, II. 6) referring to the enemies of the ἐκλεκτῶν, and translate καί μακροθυμῶν ἐπ' αὐτοῖς even though he is long-suffering, indulgent, to them; — this negligence being occasioned by the circumstance that Luke seems to represent Jesus as speaking with Sir. 32:22 (Sir. 35:18) in mind, where ἐπ' αὐτοῖς must be referred to ἀνελεημόνων. The reading (of L T Tr WH) καί μακροθυμεῖ ἐπ' αὐτοῖς; by which τό μακροθύμειν is denied to God (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 55, 7) cannot be accepted, because the preceding parable certainly demands the notion of slowness on God's part in avenging the right; cf. DeWette at the passage; (but to this it is replied, that the denial of actual delay is not inconsistent with the assumption of apparent delay; cf. Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage).<1>
be longsuffering, have patience, patiently endure.
From the same as makrothumos; to be long-spirited, i.e. (objectively) forbearing or (subjectively) patient -- bear (suffer) long, be longsuffering, have (long) patience, be patient, patiently endure.
see GREEK makrothumos εμακροθύμησας μακροθυμει μακροθυμεί μακροθυμεῖ μακροθυμειτε μακροθυμείτε μακροθυμεῖτε μακροθυμησας μακροθυμήσας Μακροθυμησατε Μακροθυμήσατε Μακροθυμησον Μακροθύμησον μακροθυμήσω μακροθυμων μακροθυμών μακροθυμῶν makrothumei makrothumeite makrothumesas makrothumēsas Makrothumesate Makrothumēsate Makrothumeson Makrothumēson makrothumon makrothumōn makrothymei makrothymeî makrothymeite makrothymeîte makrothymesas makrothymēsas makrothymḗsas Makrothymesate Makrothymēsate Makrothymḗsate Makrothymeson Makrothymēson Makrothýmeson Makrothýmēson makrothymon makrothymôn makrothymōn makrothymō̂n
Strong's Greek 3114
μακροθυμήσας — 1 Occ.
Μακροθυμήσατε — 2 Occ.
Μακροθύμησον — 2 Occ.
μακροθυμεῖ — 3 Occ.
μακροθυμεῖτε — 1 Occ.
μακροθυμῶν — 1 Occ.
Matthew 18:26 V-AMA-2S
BIB: αὐτῷ λέγων Μακροθύμησον ἐπ' ἐμοί
NAS: him, saying, 'Have patience with me and I will repay
KJV: saying, Lord, have patience with me,
INT: to him saying have patience with me
Matthew 18:29 V-AMA-2S
BIB: αὐτὸν λέγων Μακροθύμησον ἐπ' ἐμοί
NAS: with him, saying, 'Have patience with me and I will repay
KJV: him, saying, Have patience with me,
INT: him saying Have patience with me
Luke 18:7 V-PIA-3S
BIB: νυκτός καὶ μακροθυμεῖ ἐπ' αὐτοῖς
NAS: and night, and will He delay long over
KJV: him, though he bear long with them?
INT: night and [is] being patient over them
1 Corinthians 13:4 V-PIA-3S
BIB: Ἡ ἀγάπη μακροθυμεῖ χρηστεύεται ἡ
NAS: Love is patient, love is kind
KJV: Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind;
INT: Love has patience is kind
1 Thessalonians 5:14 V-PMA-2P
BIB: τῶν ἀσθενῶν μακροθυμεῖτε πρὸς πάντας
NAS: the weak, be patient with everyone.
KJV: the weak, be patient toward
INT: the weak be patient toward all
Hebrews 6:15 V-APA-NMS
BIB: καὶ οὕτως μακροθυμήσας ἐπέτυχεν τῆς
NAS: And so, having patiently waited, he obtained
KJV: so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained
INT: and thus having had patience he obtained the
James 5:7 V-AMA-2P
BIB: Μακροθυμήσατε οὖν ἀδελφοί
NAS: Therefore be patient, brethren, until
KJV: Be patient therefore, brethren,
INT: Be patient therefore brothers
James 5:7 V-PPA-NMS
BIB: τῆς γῆς μακροθυμῶν ἐπ' αὐτῷ
NAS: of the soil, being patient about
KJV: of the earth, and hath long patience for
INT: of the earth being patient for it
James 5:8 V-AMA-2P
BIB: μακροθυμήσατε καὶ ὑμεῖς
NAS: You too be patient; strengthen
KJV: ye also patient; stablish your
INT: Be patient also you
2 Peter 3:9 V-PIA-3S
BIB: ἡγοῦνται ἀλλὰ μακροθυμεῖ εἰς ὑμᾶς
NAS: slowness, but is patient toward
KJV: but is longsuffering to
INT: esteem but is patient toward you