kléros: a lotOriginal Word: κλῆρος, ου, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Phonetic Spelling: (klay'-ros)
Short Definition: a lot, portion
Definition: (a) a lot, (b) a portion assigned; hence: a portion of the people of God assigned to one's care, a congregation.
Cognate: 2819 klḗros (a masculine noun derived from klēro, "to cast a lot") – properly, a lot, cast to distribute ("apportion"). Scripture encourages casting lots (2819 /klḗros) to better discern the preferred-will of God (cf. 2307 /thélēma and their association in Col 1:9-12).
[2818 /klēronómos ("heir") is derived from 2819 /klḗros ("lot, the casting of lots"), not the other way around – i.e. the term "lots" is not derived from 2818 (klēronómos). Moreover, 2819 (klḗros) is not etymologically related to (cognate with) 2975/lagxanō ("to cast lots," see there).]Word Origin
of uncertain origin
allotted to your charge (1), inheritance (2), lot (1), lots (5), portion (1), share (1).
STRONGS NT 2819: κλῆρος
κλῆρος, κλήρου, ὁ, from Homer down; the Sept. mostly for גּורָל and נַחֲלָה; a lot; i. e.:
1. an object used in casting or drawing lots, which was either a pebble, or a potsherd, or a bit of wood (hence, κλῆρος is to be derived from κλάω (cf. Ellicott on Colossians 1:12)): Acts 1:26 (see below); βάλλοντες κλῆρον, Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:24 (Psalm 21:19<10> (); Jonah 1:7, etc.); the lots of the several persons concerned, inscribed with their names, were thrown together into a vase, which was then shaken, and he whose lot first fell out upon the ground was the one chosen (Homer, Iliad 3, 316, 325; 7, 175, etc.; Livy 23, 3 (but cf. B. D. American edition, under the word Lot)); hence, ὁ κλῆρος πίπτει ἐπί τινα, Acts 1:26 (Ezekiel 24:6; Jonah 1:7). 10>
2. what is obtained by lot, allotted portion: λαγχάνειν and λαμβάνειν τόν κλῆρον τῆς διακονίας, a prrtion in the ministry common to the apostles, Acts 1:17, 25 R G; ἐστι μοι κλῆρος ἐν τίνι, dative of the thing, Acts 8:21; like κληρονομία (which see) it is used of the part which one will have in eternal salvation, λαμβάνειν ... τόν κλῆρον ἐν τοῖς ἡγιασμένοις, among the sanctified, Acts 26:18 (Wis. 5:5); of eternal salvation itself, κλῆρος τῶν ἁγίων, i. e. the eternal salvation which God has assigned to the saints, Colossians 1:12 (where cf. Lightfoot). of persons, οἱ κλῆροι, those whose care and oversight has been assigned to one (allotted charge), used of Christian churches, the administration of which falls to the lot of the presbyters: 1 Peter 5:3, cf. Acts 17:4; (for patristic usage see Sophocles Lexicon, under the word; cf. Lightfoot on Philippians, p. 246f).<1>
heritage, inheritance, lot, part.
Probably from klao (through the idea of using bits of wood, etc., for the purpose; a die (for drawing chances); by implication, a portion (as if so secured); by extension, an acquisition (especially a patrimony, figuratively) -- heritage, inheritance, lot, part.
see GREEK klao κλήροι κλήροί κλήροις κληρον κληρόν κλήρον κλῆρον κληρος κλήρος κλήρός κλῆρος κληρου κλήρου κλήρους κλήρω κληρων κλήρων kleron klêron klēron klērōn klḗron klḗrōn klē̂ron kleros klêros klēros klē̂ros klerou klērou klḗrou klerous klērous klḗrous
Strong's Greek 2819
κλήρων — 1 Occ.
κλῆρον — 6 Occ.
κλῆρος — 2 Occ.
κλήρου — 1 Occ.
κλήρους — 2 Occ.
Matthew 27:35 N-AMS
BIB: αὐτοῦ βάλλοντες κλῆρον ἵνα πληρωθῇ
NAS: among themselves by casting lots.
KJV: casting lots: that
INT: of him casting lots that might be fulfilled
Matthew 27:35 Noun-AMS
BIB: μου ἔβαλον κλῆρον
KJV: vesture did they cast lots.
INT: of me they cast a lot
Mark 15:24 N-AMS
BIB: αὐτοῦ βάλλοντες κλῆρον ἐπ' αὐτὰ
NAS: themselves, casting lots for them [to decide] what
KJV: garments, casting lots upon them,
INT: of him casting lots for them
Luke 23:34 N-AMS
BIB: αὐτοῦ ἔβαλον κλήρους
NAS: And they cast lots, dividing
KJV: raiment, and cast lots.
INT: of him they cast a lot
John 19:24 N-AMS
BIB: μου ἔβαλον κλῆρον Οἱ μὲν
NAS: THEY CAST LOTS.
KJV: they did cast lots. These things
INT: of me they cast a lot The indeed
Acts 1:17 N-AMS
BIB: ἔλαχεν τὸν κλῆρον τῆς διακονίας
NAS: us and received his share in this
KJV: had obtained part of this
INT: obtained a part the ministry
Acts 1:26 N-AMP
BIB: καὶ ἔδωκαν κλήρους αὐτοῖς καὶ
NAS: And they drew lots for them, and the lot
KJV: their lots; and
INT: And they gave lots for them and
Acts 1:26 N-NMS
BIB: ἔπεσεν ὁ κλῆρος ἐπὶ Μαθθίαν
NAS: lots for them, and the lot fell
KJV: lots; and the lot fell upon
INT: fell the lot on Matthias
Acts 8:21 N-NMS
BIB: μερὶς οὐδὲ κλῆρος ἐν τῷ
NAS: part or portion in this matter,
KJV: part nor lot in this
INT: part nor lot in the
Acts 26:18 N-AMS
BIB: ἁμαρτιῶν καὶ κλῆρον ἐν τοῖς
NAS: of sins and an inheritance among
KJV: and inheritance among
INT: of sins and inheritance among those that
Colossians 1:12 N-GMS
BIB: μερίδα τοῦ κλήρου τῶν ἁγίων
NAS: us to share in the inheritance of the saints
KJV: be partakers of the inheritance of the saints
INT: share of the inheritance of the saints
1 Peter 5:3 N-GMP
BIB: κατακυριεύοντες τῶν κλήρων ἀλλὰ τύποι
NAS: those allotted to your charge, but proving
KJV: being lords over [God's] heritage, but
INT: exercising lordship over those in your charge but examples